Wines and lovers
The planting of vineyards in this region dates back to the Roman period. Situated in the south of the country, the Alentejo is a Substantially planar region, showing some major accidents, not very high, but que influence markedly. It is Characterized by soil and climate conditions markedly Mediterranean, with, However, Several areas of continental microclimate. Average temperatures of the year range from 15 to 17,5º, Also noting it is the existence of large thermal amplitudes and the occurrence of summers too hot and dry. The average rainfall ranges from 500 to 800mm.
So does one of the best wines in the world, who says … are the French.
The main grape varieties:
Alfrocheiro, Alicante Bouschet, Aragonez, Cabernet Sauvignon, Castelão, Syrah, Touriga Nacional, Trincadeira & Antão Vaz, Arinto, Fernão Pires , Roupeiro
The origin of the vine and the vine is lost in the times. it even stands before Humanity itself!
It is presumed 65 million years ago, when it was only a liana, which grew leafy and large-scale competing with other plants.
wild vines, There are several species of the genus Vitis. In our case the Vitis Vinifera species, selected for the current production of the nectar of the gods. wine!
During this period there were numerous climatic changes, so it is recorded that the vine has settled mainly in a zone between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea, where the legend says, Noah will have founded the Ark after the Flood.
In this area Noah planted a vineyard in the Ararat Mountains, drank wine and became drunk.
Being more objective, the grapevine settled definitively after the last glaciation that was more moderate (based on the analysis of fossils), on the shores of the Mediterranean then left to zones of more favorable climatic condition.
And this is 10,000 years ago, a considerable period as a determinant of man’s historic turning point.
At this stage, the Man has moved from a nomadic life to a more sedentary one, settling in lands destined for agricultural and livestock practices, using the manufacture of utensils and tools.
The vine, has become an essential element of culture and an integral part of the major civilizations that began to emerge from the region of Mesopotamia.
The Sumerian civilization, associating agriculture with commercial activity, especially the wine that was transported in clay vessels, duly identified with graphic signs engraved in wedge.
It was consumed on a large scale, especially in festive times, being a symbol of prosperity until.
On the basis of the Code of Hammurabi, of the best-known kings of Babylon, the inhabitants of this region were true lovers of wine, and even punishments for fraud were regulated.
However, those who contributed most to the diffusion of the plantation of the vineyard are the Phoenicians!
Navigators par excellence took vineyards with them to areas as far away as the British Isles.
In the case of Portugal, the cultivation of Vitis Vinifera was widely promoted in the area of the Tagus basin.
Plants brought from present Syria, being attributed to this civilization, the introduction of the vine in Portugal.